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WikiBooks: Geography Wikimedia Foundation

WikiBooks: Geography

Wikimedia Foundation

Published December 18th 2010
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 About the Book 

Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία - geographia, lit. earth describe-write) is the science that deals with the study of the Earth and its lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena. A literal translation would be to describe or write about theMoreGeography (from Greek γεωγραφία - geographia, lit. earth describe-write) is the science that deals with the study of the Earth and its lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena. A literal translation would be to describe or write about the Earth. The first person to use the word geography was Eratosthenes (276-194 B.C.). Four historical traditions in geographical research are the spatial analysis of natural and human phenomena (geography as a study of distribution), area studies (places and regions), study of man-land relationship, and research in earth sciences. Nonetheless, modern geography is an all-encompassing discipline that foremost seeks to understand the Earth and all of its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be. Geography has been called the world discipline. As the bridge between the human and physical sciences, geography is divided into two main branches—human geography and physical geography.